The basic slapping technique is executed by striking the strings with the side of the picking hand thumb.
Although lines that are slapped or plucked will certainly sound different than phrases played with standard bass playing technique, there should not be a detectable increase or decrease in the dynamics or volume of the notes articulated with slapping and plucking. Lines should sound consistent and even regardless of the articulation utilized.
In terms of the motion required to strike the strings, most of the movement when slapping is generated by rotating the wrist. With regard to the amount of distance needed to strike a string and create a solid attack, it takes very little space between the slapping hand thumb and strings to produce a good slap tone. When the slapping hand moves further away from the strings, it takes longer to execute the slapping motion which will make intricate lines harder to perform, and it also requires you to exert more energy.
As the slapping hand moves from one string to the next, the string gauges change, and as a result, the thinner D and G strings are more difficult to slap and require more accuracy than the thicker E and A strings.
Although slapping and plucking can be applied to any fretted or fretless bass guitar, these techniques generally sound better when performed on fretted instruments since the frets contribute significantly to the sound.
In standard notation, slapping is typically indicated with an "S" for slap or "T" for thumb.
String plucking is generally performed between the end of the fingerboard and the neck pickup. To pluck or pop a string, pull it away from the bass with the tip of the index or middle fingers on the picking hand and then release it. Once the string is released, it will snap onto the frets and create a popping sound.
In terms of the force needed to execute a pluck, you don't need to pull the strings very far away from the fingerboard in order to produce a solid plucking sound.
Even though any of the fingers on the plucking hand can be employed to sound the strings, the index and middle fingers are the most common fingers used for plucking.
Instead of using only a single finger, plucking with both index and middle fingers in an alternating fashion provides the best economy of motion, and it also makes fast, intricate lines easier to play. However, the majority of bassists choose to mostly rely on the index finger for plucking.
Only the tips of the fingers should be used to pluck because if you permit the index or middle fingers to reach too far underneath the strings, they will get hung up and the result will be inconsistent plucks. As the hand moves from one string to the next and the string gauges change, the thicker E and A strings are usually more difficult to control when plucking.
Similar to the alternating two-finger technique, the sound produced while plucking should be so consistent and even that you shouldn't be able to differentiate between the fingers and tell which one is plucking. In other words, the index finger shouldn't be plucking the strings any louder or softer than the middle finger and vice versa.
In standard notation, notes which are to be plucked or popped are denoted with a "P." If double plucking is required to perform the lines, "P1" and "P2" are utilized to indicate the index and middle fingers, respectively.
To continue our study of slapping and plucking techniques on bass guitar, this collection of exercises features string skipping, string crossing, single strings, octaves, fifths, octave vamps, one-finger-per-fret, shifting, triads, seventh chords, and scales. 16 Pages. ... Subscribe Today & Read More!
Tapping roots, fifths, and octaves is often employed by bassists to double notes and generate a full sound. Whereas single string tapping involves shifting up and down the strings from lower to higher positions in a horizontal manner, tapping tapping roots, fifths, and octaves requires moving back and forth across the fingerboard from the low strings to the high strings and vice versa in a vertical fashion. ... Subscribe Today & Read More!
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Jazz Improvisation is a comprehensive 20-lesson course that will help you acquire the essential skills which are necessary to connect your ears to the fingerboard, develop ideas, and communicate more fluently through the language of improvisation. Featuring dozens of fretboard diagrams and play-along tracks with exercises written in standard notation and tablature, topics covered include practice techniques, ear training, scales, modes, chords, passing notes, approach note techniques, and chord tone soloing. After completing this course, you will have expanded your fretboard familiarity, broadened your knowledge of chord/scale theory, increased your technical proficiency on the instrument, and become more productive in your practice sessions. You will possess the fundamental tools that are required to improvise great bass lines and solos on any chord type, chord progression, or song form in the jazz repertoire. ... Subscribe Today & Read More!